Rutherford and holmes radiometric dating
He calculated the amount of time it would have taken for tidal friction to give Earth its current 24-hour day.His value of 56 million years added additional evidence that Thomson was on the right track.
Because the exact amount of time this accretion process took is not yet known, and the predictions from different accretion models range from a few million up to about 100 million years, the exact age of Earth is difficult to determine.
In Darwin's theory of evolution, the process of random heritable variation with cumulative selection requires great durations of time.
(According to modern biology, the total evolutionary history from the beginning of life to today has taken since 3.5 to 3.8 billion years ago, the amount of time which passed since the last universal ancestor of all living organisms as shown by geological dating.)In a lecture in 1869, Darwin's great advocate, Thomas H.
His observations led him to formulate important stratigraphic concepts (i.e., the "law of superposition" and the "principle of original horizontality").
In the 1790s, William Smith hypothesized that if two layers of rock at widely differing locations contained similar fossils, then it was very plausible that the layers were the same age.