Dating circumcised forums
Whatever may be said about Herodotus as a witness in matters that fell under his personal observation, when he argues, his authority is only in proportion to the weight of his arguments, and these are, in many instances, mere conjectures. Evan., IX, xxviii), goes so far as to say that the Egyptians adopted the practice of circumcision from Moses.
The illustration of the ceremony of circumcision pictured on the ruins of Karnak, is probably later than the going down of Israel into Egypt. 187, 188 (see below); and also in Ebers, "Aegypten etc.", pp.
That the ceremony had some relation to initiation into manhood, at the marriageable age, seems to receive support from the custom of certain tribes of being circumcised at the age of puberty; and also from the fact that the Arabic word khatan signifies to circumcise and to be allied by marriage.
It is strange that the universal practice of circumcision among those who profess Mohammedanism is neither based upon, nor sanctioned by, the Koran.
Or was it, as some think, a substitute for human sacrifice? 452), as also from the fact that the upper classes among the Aztec and Celebes tribes made use of it, we may conclude that circumcision was not looked upon as a mark of slavery or subjection, but rather of nobility and superiority.
From the fact that the priests in Egypt were, beyond question, circumcised (G. Father Lagrange holds that it had a religious significance, and that, as it is not referred to in Chaldean monuments, it was not a protosemitic practice, but may have had its origin in Arabia (Etudes sur les religions semitiques, 1903, pp. Merely utilitarian motives have been assigned by many: even Philo (De Circumcisione, II, 211, ed.
Those who think it was a tribal mark, like tattooing, or the knocking out of the front teeth, should consider that such marks are usually conspicuous.
Was it connected with phallic worship, and thus regarded as an offering to the deity of fertility?
Sephora, having taken a sharp stone, circumcised her son with it, and said, "a bloody spouse art thou to me"; whereupon the Lord "let him go" (Exod., iv. The Greek reading, "the blood of my son's circumcision has ceased to flow", is obscure.Was this silence observed by the Prophet of Islam because there was no need of prescribing what already had the force of law or, perhaps, because it did not seem to him to have any religious significance?However we explain his silence, tradition, by appealing to his authority, soon gave to the practice all the weight of his sanction.The male, whose flesh of his foreskin shall not be circumcised, that soul shall be destroyed out of his people: because he hath broken my covenant" (Gen., xvii, 12-14; xxi, 4).For some reason, not given in the text, Moses while in Madian neglected to circumcise his son, Eliezer, on which account God "would have killed him", i.e.